Nipple duct excision is a surgical procedure performed to remove a milk duct presenting nipple discharge or affected by a tumor. Your doctor will recommend this procedure to treat intraductal papilloma. The patient will be given a local or general anesthesia.

Depending on the extent of the operation, the patient may need to stay overnight at the hospital. Nipple duct excision can be done without altering the look of the breast.

After removing the breast tissue, it will be taken to the lab to confirm the diagnosis. The surgeon will use dissolvable sutures to seal the wound. The procedure may leave a scar that will fade over time.

Most nipple duct excisions are related to benign abnormalities in the milk ducts. In most procedures, the discharge stops immediately after the excision. The patient will only visit the hospital for a follow-up check.

What Is Intraductal Papilloma?

Intraductal papilloma is a small, wart-like growth or benign tumor that forms in the milk duct near the nipple. The tumor consists of blood vessels, glands, and fibrous tissue. It usually occurs in women aged between 35 and 55.

Intraductal papilloma causes lumps, breast enlargement, bloody or sticky nipple discharge, and sometimes discomfort or pain in the breast. The size of the lump may vary according to the size of the duct.

Single papillomas are common in women nearing menopause, while multiple intraductal papillomas occur in younger women. Multiple papillomas often happen in both breasts and are more likely to be linked to lumps than nipple discharges.

What Causes Nipple Discharges?

Nipple discharges may be caused by benign ductal conditions, intraductal papilloma, fibrocystic breast changes, and plasma cell mastitis. Some happen because of the dilation of ducts, cancerous growths in the ducts, or other conditions that increase the production of prolactin.

A papilloma is made up of mammary epithelium, which is a cell that makes up the lining of the ductal wall. When not treated, it can cause complete obstruction of the duct. A nipple duct excision is a necessary procedure that will help doctors rule out breast cancer in those patients who present spontaneous bloody nipple discharges.

Patients experiencing any nipple problems should report to the doctor right away. We have expertise and equipment to help you get prompt diagnosis and start treatment immediately.