Texas Breast Care explains the benign breast conditions found in male breast cancer patients
Southlake, TX – June 14, 2020 – Men have a small amount of breast tissue with a few ducts under the areola and nipple. Since they have low estrogen and high testosterone levels, their breast development stops at puberty. Although men have milk, ducts will remain underdeveloped. Male breast cells can form tumors that are benign or malignant. Tumors in men are easier to notice due to the small amount of breast tissue.
The chances of developing breast cancer in men are lower compared to women. But breast problems, including breast cancer, can also occur in men. Benign breast conditions are non-cancerous disorders of the breast. Your doctor can recommend appropriate screening and diagnostic tests to determine whether your condition is cancerous or benign.
The most common benign breast disorders in men is Gynecomastia, an enlargement of the male breast tissue that is non-cancerous. It is caused by hormonal imbalance in the body. Certain diseases, obesity, hormone use, and other hormonal changes can cause an imbalance. Unless it causes pain, gynecomastia does not need treatment. To reduce the enlarged tissue, doctors will perform surgery or administer hormone therapy.
Gynecomastia looks like a disk-like growth that appears under the nipple and areola. Some patients have severe gynecomastia, which appears as small breasts. The condition can be felt as a growth under the nipple. When you notice such lumps, you should have them checked by a doctor.
Gynecomastia is common in teenage boys because of the changes in the balance of hormones in their bodies during adolescence. Older men also get this disease due to hormonal imbalance.
Gynecomastia can rarely occur due to diseases or tumors of certain endocrine glands that cause the body to produce excess estrogen. Liver diseases can alter the hormonal balance of a man and cause gynecomastia. Obesity can also contribute to high levels of estrogen in men. Drugs for heart disease, ulcers and heartburn, psychiatric conditions, and heart failure can also cause gynecomastia.
Studies have shown that gynecomastia can increase your risk of male breast cancer. See your doctor immediately you notice changes in your breast to undergo diagnosis and to determine whether the changes are benign or cancer.